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Tratamentul arsurilor minore

Tratamentul arsurilor minore




600 RON

About burns and their classification

Minor burns can often occur in the household with multiple causes: burning with liquids, hot objects or steam, contact with hot objects, chemicals, etc.

Depending on the depth, the burns can be:

• superficial burns (epidermal) - grade I

• partially superficial burns - grade II A

• partially deep burns - grade II B

• total burns "the entire thickness of the dermis" - grade III

According to the ABA (American Burn Association), the following types of burns are considered minor burns that can be treated on an outpatient basis:

• superficial superficial burns on less than 5-10% of the body surface in children and the elderly

• superficial partial burns on less than 15% of the body surface in adults

• burns "the entire thickness of the dermis", less than 2% of the body surface in adults but without affecting the special areas of gravity, these being: face, hands, perineum and feet

Clinical features of burns

Superficial or grade I burn:

• affects only the epidermis

• locally the patient feels a burning sensation and heat, and the skin will be edematous and red

• this type of burn heals spontaneously, in 2-3 days, without final consequences

• Transient hyperpigmentation and flaking may occur

Partially superficial or grade II A burn:

• affects the first layer of the skin in its entirety (epidermis) and part of the dermis

• the skin has a pink appearance, with blisters and perilesional edema (inflammation) and exudate in large quantities

• live pain present

• these burns heal spontaneously in 7-14 days, without the appearance of scars

Partially deep or grade II B burn:

• completely affects the first layer of skin, namely the epidermis but also the second layer of skin (dermis) to depth

clinically the general condition of the patient is affected

• flickering and white or bright red escarpment are highlighted on the skin

• significant edema

• intense pain and areas of analgesia

• they can heal spontaneously in about two / three weeks only on small areas and the healing is done with the appearance of scar areas

Burns the entire thickness of the dermis or grade III:

• completely destroy all skin layers and skin reserves to recover spontaneously

• white or gray-gray blisters and bedsores appear

• the general condition of the patient is profoundly altered

• healing of these burns is done over a long period of time and with outstanding scars

Treatment of minor burns

Local treatment for minor burns includes:

• local toilet of the entire burned area with antiseptic solutions

• removal of blisters

• dressing the wound with special burn dressings

• apply antibacterial ointments to the burnt wound that protect the burn area and promote its healing

The burnt wound should be cared for daily to avoid infection.

The general treatment of the burnt wound includes:

• tetanus prophylaxis

• analgesics as needed

• antibiotic therapy in case of infection of the burned wound

• Proper hydration and proper diet

• it is important that the burned area is kept in a prone position to help reduce edema

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